Contingency Contracting With Students With Autism Spectrum Disorders In A Public School Setting

自闭症的学生在一所公立学校设置的应急缔约 注:没有中文版本,只有英文版本
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Abstract: In this study, a contingency contract procedure was implemented to promote adherence to rules of conduct in an elementary school setting by 2 male participants, one 10-year-old with a diagnosis of Autistic Disorder and one 9-year-old with ADHD and probable Asperger’s Disorder. Prior to intervention, both participants engaged in frequent challenging behaviors, including tantrums, antisocial vocalizations, and physical aggression. Written contracts were developed in collaboration with participants and revised several times during the study as participants progressed; in the final stages, a self-monitoring requirement was included. A changing criterion design was used to evaluate the effects of contracts on participants’ adherence to rules of conduct. Results suggest that contracts were effective for both participants. Thus, contingency contract procedures may be useful for some individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders.
翻译后摘要: 在这项研究中,应急合同程序的实施,以促进遵守的行为规则,在一所小学设置了2名男性参与者,一个10岁的自闭症的诊断和一个9岁的多动症和可能亚斯伯格症。在此之前进行干预,双方与会人员在频繁的具有挑战性的行为,包括发脾气,反社会的发声,和身体的攻击。书面合同的参与者和修订后的几次合作发展进步的参与者在研究过程中,在最后阶段,自我监督的规定,被列入。不断变化的标准设计,用于评估合同的影响,对参与者的遵守的行为规则。结果表明,合同是有效的两个参与者。因此,应急合同的程序,对一些人来说自闭症可能是有用的。
Author: Daniel W. Mruzek, Celina Cohen;Tristram Smith
Year: 2007
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities
Volume-OnPage: Volume 19, Number 2  103-114
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